Ordination of catholic priests of Lotli town 18 th th century. TMRCA calculations using pairwise comparisons to control cohorts suggested a probable migration history distinct from the canonical narrative for medieval migration of orthodox Brahmin families to South India.
The proposed migration route is supported by archeological, toponymic, numismatic, linguistic, iconographic, and literary data.
Lastly, we present cultural metrics demonstrating that these LPKSTR lineages retained distinct family practices with respect to literacy, religious practice, and emigration not shared with orthodox Brahmins of canonical geographic origin within the same community, despite centuries of intermarriage.
Long-term transmission of differentiated family practices within a patrilineal endogamous community has rarely been documented. Increasingly granular subclade typing and the rapid growth of public databases have improved our ability to reconstruct the spread of R1a1 Y-haplogroup Y-HG branches along ancient trade and migration corridors in Asia. In this group, the L branch is most abundant [ 12 ].
In order to further dissect patrilineages within L, unique microsatellite short tandem repeat STR profiles can be helpful. Brahmin communities of South Asia have documented cultural and patrilineal antecedents such as gotra since ancient times [ 3 — 7 ].
Based in part on the ancient system of gotra, the prevalence of strictly endogamous patrilineages within Brahmin communities in South Asia simultaneously offers possibilities for studying horizontal transmission of distinct family practices over long intervals while also complicating the selection of geographic comparators traditionally employed in statistical methods.
Kaundinya, Kauṇḍinya, Kauṇḍinyā: 13 definitions
A Brahmin family Y-chromosome lineage is likely to exhibit greater genetic proximity to a culturally related group situated thousands of miles away than to any of the dozens of geographically proximate communities that might traditionally serve as comparators. Thus, in assessing genetic proximity within highly differentiated Brahmin milieu, the rational choice of selected comparators for TMRCA computation requires the use of historical data [ 8 ].
Ancient tradition places Saraswat Brahmins with the Sarasvata tribe on the banks of the Rig Vedic Sarasvati River, whose exact geographic location is not certain but is now believed by some scholars to be the Helmand-Arghandab basin in Afghanistan [ 89 ], though this conclusion is still controversial. In first millennium BCE, post-Achaemenid Sanskrit literature places Saraswat Brahmins in the northern Punjab, and a substantial Saraswat community remains there to this day.
The other large Saraswat group in South Asia is the Goud Saraswat Brahmin GSB community, whose arrival in Goa's Salcete province during early medieval times is memorialized in local oral histories and legends variously claiming western Gujarat-Rajasthancentral Kannaujor eastern Tirhut proximal origins.
It is likely that today's Goan GSB community is the product of multiple migration events between the 7th and 11th centuries CE, each comprising families of claimed or actual tribal kinship with the original Sarasvata tribe. Within the GSB Brahmin community, a high incidence of LPKSTR was anecdotally observed in male representatives of Pai surname families of a single gotra exogamous lineage, Kaundinya who are known founder families in a town communidade Lotli.
GSB are a subset of all Saraswats, who are a subset of all Brahmins. Table 1 a describes these identifiers. These so-called Lotli Pai Kaundinya LPK families may have retained distinct family practices, despite centuries of intermarriage with other GSB families of neighboring towns. We compare genetic and cultural characteristics of LPK families with another clan within the same endogamous GSB community, with whom they have intermarried.
Samples of Khatri mercantile, Bolan Pass and Saraswat Brahmin priestly, Khyber Pass communities are used as genetic comparators in this study because their cultural and migration histories represent the two alternatives we wish to compare.
Among modern migrants, social success and family practices prior to migration predict relative social success after migration [ 15 ]. Such observations point to portable, family-borne attitudes and capabilities including, for example, business and educational skills, or the pragmatism required for cultural adaptation.
The collection under informed consent of 35 male Saraswat Brahmin and 29 male Khatri DNA samples listed in Table 2 has been described in previous publications [ 32 — 34 ]. Vancouver, BCsigned informed consent forms, and followed requisite procedures, as required by the Genebase Testing Laboratory. Volunteers were reimbursed for the cost of testing but received no other compensation.
After testing was complete, volunteers provided investigators with access to their results on the Genebase database. Permission to use data for research and publication was provided in writing. Studies were approved by each of the participating organizations' institutional committees in charge of oversight for ethical conduct in research. Typical tests included the standard STR, Y-backbone, and subclade tests.In Hindu society, the term " gotra " broadly refers to people who are descended in an unbroken male line from a common male ancestor.
Panini defines gotra for grammatical purposes as "apatyam pautraprabhrti gotram" IV. When a person says "I am Kashypasya-gotra", he means that he traces his descent from the ancient sage Kashyapa by unbroken male descent. The progeny of these eight sages are declared to be gotras. A gotra must be distinguished from a kula. A kula is a set of people following similar cultural rituals, often worshiping the same divinity the Kula-Devata, god of the clan.
Kula does not relate to lineage or caste. The gotra system is part of a system of classification or identification of various Brahmin families in ancient times. The gotra classification took form probably sometime during the Yajur Veda period, after the Rig Veda period. It is believed that the gotras now account to a total of 49 started to consolidate some around Century B. Seven Rishis Saptarshi are recognized as the mind born sons of the creator Brahma. They desired offspring and received it.
All present day Brahmin communities are said to be descendants of these 8 Rishis. The lines of descent from the major rishis are originally divided into Ganas [sub divisions] and each Gana is further divided into families. However, subsequently the term gotra is frequently applied to the ganas and to the families within the ganas interchangeably.
These Rishis belonged to different sects like Shakti, Shaivites and Vaishnavites and had different deities for worship. Such deities came to be known as the kuladevatas. The gotra system was originally instituted for the purposes of identifying one's ancestors and pay respects during various invocations and other rituals to honor their fathers, fore-fathers and so on, up to their respective Rishis.
This was later extended to other aspects of Brahmin life, such as marriage and temple worship. In present days, marriage will not be allowed within the same gotra in order to avoid impure matrimony. This thinking is in tune with the modern day genetic paradigms of hybrid vigor. Chitrapur Saraswats belong to six Gotras viz.Informatica o ingegneria informatica
All the family deities of the Chitrapur Saraswat community are in Goa except Shri Lakshminarayana, a family deity of Hattangady-kars and some other families, which is at Hanumatta near Ankola Karnataka. The following are some of the Kula-devatas of particular gotras and websites on which details may be found. While I'm not suggesting he was a 'vaat chukkun gellelo' Bhanap, it is interesting that a nation so far away derives its name as well as owes its existence allegorically to a gotra.
I have to say, being of the Kaundinya gotra myself, I was mighty chuffed when I heard the story. There are persons who say that Mahesh Das Birbal was a Kaundinya. Similarly there are people who say Chanakya Vishnugupta was a Kaundinya. But are there evidences for such claims?The word gotra means "lineage" in the Sanskrit language. While it is somewhat akin to a family name, the given name of a family is often different from its gotra, as given names may reflect the traditional occupation, place of residence or other important family characteristic rather than gotra.
Gotra means "go" means cow, land, veda and guru. Those who belong to Brahman, Kshatriya and Vaishya only have gotras. The other castes have no gotras, as they were not eligible for education in olden days. Nowadays all castes say the name of their gotra, which was self-declared.
Acharaya Gnaneswar. People belonging to various castes may have same gotra Hindu social system. Sign In Don't have an account? Acharaya Gnaneswar People belonging to various castes may have same gotra Hindu social system.
Contents [ show ]. Categories : Indian castes Gotras Kinship and descent Hinduism stubs.Google rcs vs whatsapp
This Hinduism-related article is a stub. You can help by expanding it. This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The list of authors can be seen in the page history.
As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.We Nepalese caste like neupane sapkota bhuwabang baskota paneru pyakurel Mirasini trital pathak banjara ect belongs to kaudinya gotra.
How are they related? Does it have its origin in Kaundinya? I want to join kaundinya gotra people because I am also kaundinya gotta from Bihar. Important facts about Kaundinya Gotra.
Kaundinya Gotra Origin Story. People believe that the Kaundinya Gotra can be traced to a Rishi who lived in Mithila region of Bihar. His family members were:. There were 10 to 12 important people from this lineage whose descendants are found in India and in parts of south-east Asia.
Shaivism worshiping Shiva became the state religion of Cambuj ancient name of Cambodia. Kaundinya in Early Sanskrit Literature. Kaundinya in Later Sanskrit Literaure.Fs19 harvesters mods
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Labels: brahmingotrahistory. Subhodeep Mukhopadhyay August 9, at PM. Synonymous November 9, at AM. Unknown July 31, at AM. Anonymous November 24, at PM.
Unknown June 4, at PM. Anonymous July 24, at PM. Unknown May 7, at PM. Anonymous July 6, at PM. Ramjee Jai jawan jai kishan. Anonymous August 21, at AM. Unknown September 19, at AM. Anil October 10, at AM. Unknown October 15, at AM. Vikash kumar sangahi February 26, at AM. Newer Post Older Post Home. Subscribe to: Post Comments Atom.According to traditional accounts, at the time of Gautama Buddha's birth, he predicted his future destination as an enlightened teacher.
Kaundinya was a brahmin who first came to prominence as a youth due to his mastery of the Vedas and was later appointed as a royal court scholar of King Suddhodana of the Sakyas in Kapilavastu.
There Kaundinya was the only scholar who unequivocally predicted upon the birth of Prince Siddhartha that the prince would become an enlightened Buddha and vowed to become his disciple. Kaundinya and four colleagues followed Siddhartha in six years of ascetic practice, but abandoned him in disgust after Siddhartha gave up the practice of self-mortification. Upon enlightenment, Siddhartha gave his first dharma talk to Kaundinya's group.
Kaundinya was the first to comprehend the teaching and thus became the first bhikkhu and arahat. Kaundinya was aware as the foremost of the five initial disciples of the Buddha and later travelled around India spreading the dharma. In his final years, he retreated to the Himalayas and predeceased the Buddha.
Kaundinya's previous rebirths are described in many accounts in Buddhist literature. These accounts show that he had vowed in previous existences to be the first to comprehend the dharma when it was to be proclaimed by an enlightened Buddha.
They also document that the seeds of his relationship with Gautama Buddha as the first arahant were sown in previous existences in which they had crossed paths. Kaundinya was born before the time of Siddhartha to a wealthy Vishwakarma Brahmin family in a town named in Donavatthunear Kapilavastuand was known by his family name.
When he was growing up, he mastered the three Vedas at a young age and excelled in the science of physiognomy lakhana-manta. Kaundinya became a young vishwakarma Brahmin scholar in Kapilavastu in the Sakya kingdom of King Suddhodana. He was one among the group of scholars who were invited to the royal court to predict the destiny of Crown Prince Siddhartha at his naming ceremony. Siddhartha was the first child born to Suddhodana and Queen Maya in twenty years of marriage and much interest surrounded the infant from royal society and the public alike.
All the other scholars raised two fingers and offered a twofold prediction: That Siddhartha would either become a Chakravarti supreme king or would renounce the world and become a supreme religious leader.Tuse puternica bebe
Kaundinya was the only one that explicitly predicted that Siddhartha would renounce the world to become a Buddha, raising one finger and stating his prediction. Kaundinya thereafter vowed that he would follow when Siddhartha became an ascetic to learn from the future Buddha's findings. Suddhodana made intricate arrangements to shield Siddhartha from all worldly suffering in order to steer his mind away from spiritual matters, pampering him with all the material luxury and sense pleasures that he could find.
However, Siddhartha finally persuaded his father to allow him out of the palace to meet his subjects. Suddhodana agreed, but attempted to present a sanitised image of human existence by ordering beggars, old people and sick people to be kept from the streets. Despite this, Siddhartha saw the four sights which prompted him to reevaluate his view of the world.If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page.
Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article. Once due to excess of rain the river flooded and his hermitage was washed away.
So the hermit cursed the river. The eighteen mahapuranas total overshlokas metrical couplets and date to at least several centuries BCE. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences. A Gotra is used to identify oneself during Hindu religious ceremonies. There Kaundinya was the only scholar who unequivocally predicted upon the birth of Prince Siddhartha that the prince would become an enlightened Buddha, and vowed to become his disciple.
Kaundinya and four colleagues followed Siddhartha in six years of ascetic practice, but abandoned him in disgust after Siddhartha gave up the practice of self-mortification. Upon enlightenment, Siddartha gave his first dharma talk to Kaundinya's group. Kaundinya was the first to comprehend the teaching and thus became the first bhikkhu and arahant. Having attained, through love, to a radically different element, she lived in the abode of man. Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Ends with: AjnatakaundinyaJnanakaundinyaSthavirakaundinyaVidarbhikaundinya. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:. The travels of Fa-Hian A. Mahayana Mahaparinirvana Sutra.
List of gotras
The Padma Purana by N. The Mahavastu great story by J. Click here for all 26 books. Item last updated: 15 June, Like what you read? Consider supporting this website:.
Donate on Patreon.What about Surname - Katta who's Gotra is also - Koundinya? Please check and confirm. Nag Panchami day, in Kashi.
While being born he along with his twin, inadvertantly got slipped into the anthill where naga serpents were residing. The birth place is still known as Agastya Kund in Benaras. Many non-brahmin groups and bachward classes claim their origin to Koundinya.
Idigas, Gowdas etc. The telugu Deva Gowdas known by 6 Gotras by name 1. Atri Gotra, 2. Kaundinya Gotra, 3. Kundilya Gotra, 4. Ayudhama Gotra 5. Homaksha Gotra and 6. Devasraya Gotra. Gotra clanVamsam means heredity. The Vamsams are of two types:. Those Kshatriyas who were educated under certain Sages Rishis became their Vamsiyas. They belong to the respective Vidya Vamsams.Asahi pentax k1000 battery type
Sage Apastamba wrote a book named Apastamba Sutramulu incorporating the traditions of persons wearing the sacred thread Dvija. All the traditions and ceremonies of Andhra Kshatriyas are based on these sutras. The Andhra Kshatriyas belonging to the five Gotras.
Gotras and Kuladevatas
They are probably descendants of rishi Kaundinya, a contemporary of Gautama, the Buddha. Quadrant in Bharhut Stupa established during Ashoka's rule reads as under:.
Kuldevi — Sharda. King Daksharaj and Bachharaj belongs to this vansha. Brave Alha and Udal were their sons also known as Malkhan and Sulkhan respectively. Lord Vishnu was born in this vansha. Raja Arjundev was also from this vansha. He was son of Dhrutarashra and grandson of Janamejaya. Legend has it that Koundinya rishi did penance on the foothills of Kurudumale. The hill near Kurudumale in Mulbagal taluk, which is the place of birth of River Koundinya.
The river, which now carries water only during rainy season orginates near the foot of a hill in Kurudumale in Mulbagal, Kolar district in Karnataka.
This name also finds mention in the writings of Sir Monier-Williams in which Kaundinya is one of the 24 mythical Buddhas. It is thought that is it the locality of Kaundinyapura on the Wardha River in the Amravati Division of Vidarbha, or Berar in Maharashtra, which is an archaeological site identified as a trading city during the Early Historic period c. There are several stories about him.
I suspect that there were many siddhars with that name. Himalayan Region came down due to weight and gravitational pull.
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